Nach der chinesischen Besetzung Tibets wurde das Kloster Menri und die Mehrzahl der anderen wichtigen Bön-Klöster zerstört. Die Kulturrevolution spitze die Lage noch zu, die Chinesen verbrennen viele Bönpo Texte und schmelzen religiöse Statuen ein, weshalb dieser Zeitraum als die dritte Verfolgung der Bön bezeichnet werden kann. Mehrere Bönpo Lamas flohen nach Indien und Nepal, einschließlich Lopön Tenzin Namdak (sLob-Dpon: Schulleiter BsTan-Dzin rNam dag) ehemaliger Oberlehrer (Slob-dPon) des Menri Klosters in Tibet und Gründer des Triten Norbutse Klosters und seiner Dialektik-Schule. Es folgt eine Zusammenfassung von Yongdzin Rinpoches Aktivitäten.
Khenpo Tenpa Yungdrung Rinpoche wurde 1969 in Dhorpatan, einer abgelegenen Gegend im Westen von Nepal, geboren. Im Alter von 11 Jahren schloss er sich den Mönchen des nahe gelegenen Klosters Tashi Gegye Taten Ling an. Nach Abschluss eines Grundstudiums über rituelle Bön-Texte und tibetische Kalligraphie wechselte er nach Dolanji in Indien, um seine Studien an der Schule für Dialektik am dortigen Kloster Menri fortzusetzen. Während der nächsten 13 Jahre studierte Khenpo Tenpa Yungdrung das gesamte philosophische System des Yungdrung Bön aus Sutra, Tantra und Dzogchen; dazu die allgemeinen Tibetischen Wissenschaften einschließlich Tibetische Grammatik, Poetik, weiße und schwarze Astrologie, Sanskrit Grammatik, heilige Geometrie oder Künste, und allgemeine Tibetische Medizin.Weiterlesen...
Khenpo Gelek Jinpa wurde 1967 im Östlichen Tibet in der Khyungpo Region geboren. Mit 19 Jahren wurde er Mönch und begann die ersten Studien in Meditation und Dzogchen bei dem Meister Bönying Rangdröl. Er erhielt eine philosophische Ausbildung von dem Gelehrten Geshe Drangsong Yungdrung, der eine Universität am Tsedrup Kloster gegründet hatte. Khenpo Gelek verlies Tibet 1992 und schloss sich zuerst dem Kloster von Dolanji an, dort hatte er die Gelegenheit, seine Kenntnisse zu vertiefen, danach studierte er am Triten Norbutse Monastery, wo er den Grad eines Geshe erhielt. Er ist ein Anhänger von Yongdzin Rinpoche, von dem er eine gründliche Ausbildung in den Dzogchen Methoden erhielt. Er absolvierte den Tummo-Retreat zweimal - einmal vor seiner Abfahrt aus Tibet und ein weiteres Mal in der Normandie 2001 für ein akademisches Forschungsprogramm über die Effekte der Tummo-Praxis.Weiterlesen...
Gomdra Khenpo Tsultrim Tenzin Rinpoche is born in East Tibet (Kham), province of Hor. On request of his grandfather he become a monk at 13. At the age of 14 he has completed the traditional set of preliminary practices for esoteric Bon doctrines, better known as "Ngondro Bumgu" according to Drenpa Yabse cycle. (Drenpa Yabse was largely followed before the advent of Shadzapa's Kusum Rangshar) He stayed in Lungkar Gonpa and studied Bon philosophy and received transmission of Kalung Gamtso from Lama Lungkar Gelong.Weiterlesen...
Ponlob Tsangpa Tenzin Rinpoche (born 1970) is the Head Teacher of Triten Norbutse monastery.
Ponlob Rinpoche started his studies under the guidance of Lama Sherab Gelek and Khenpo Öser Jinpa. From the first he learned ritual skills, liturgical chants and the use of sacred instruments. From the latter he received teaching, transmissions and initiations. For a period of three years his main focus was to purify his mind-stream and to accumulate merit through the practice of the preliminaries, and once he had completed these to focus on the main practice of dzogchen. Thereafter he studied sutra, tantra and dzogchen with Lungkar Ponlob Drangsong Tsultrim Namdak.
A pivotal moment in Ponlob Rinpoche’s spiritual life occurred in 1986 when he met Yongdzin Lopon Tenzin Namdak Rinpoche, the foremost teacher in the Bon tradition, and an accomplished master of dzogchen. Ponlob Rinpoche had the great opportunity to receive ordination from Yongdzin Rinpoche who holds the unbroken lineage of monastic discipline. Since that time Ponlob Rinpoche has been unremitting in his quest to master the knowledge and practice of Yungdrung Bon.
In 1992 Ponlob Rinpoche came to India and Nepal. He entered Menri monastery and for nine years he continued to study sutra, tantra, dzogchen, and general Tibetan sciences, under the great blessings and guidance of H.H. Menri Tridzin Rinpoche, and H.E. Yongdzin Rinpoche, first in the Bon Dialectic School at Menri monastery and later at the Yungdrung Bon Academy of Higher Studies at Triten Norbutse monastery. Throughout these years of intensive study, Ponlob Rinpoche received the initiations, transmissions and instructions that are traditionally bestowed by the teacher to students with the aim of enhancing their understanding and experience of the teachings.
In 2001, upon successful completion of his studies, Ponlob Rinpoche was one of the first six geshes to graduate from Triten Norbutse monastery. Following his graduation, he continued to study, practice and teach at Triten Norbutse. In 2004, he was appointed and enthroned as the Head Teacher or Ponlob of Triten Norbutse monastery by and with the blessings of H.H. Menri Tridzin Rinpoche, H.E. Yongdzin Rinpoche, and Khenpo Tenpa Yungdrung Rinpoche. As the Head Teacher Ponlob Rinpoche has the responsibility to maintain the highest standards of monastic education and discipline which he does through his exemplary teaching, knowledge and inspiration. Since his assuming responsibility many geshes have studied and graduated under his guidance.
Since 2014 Ponlob Rinpoche is teachings in Europe. He is widely appreciated for his intelligence, dedication to meditation practice, and his ability to present any topic in a highly accessible way while relating it directly to our meditation practice.
Geshe Samten Tsukphud wurde 1975 in Khyungpo, im östlichen Tibet, geboren. Sein Großvater väterlicherseits war ein berühmter Thanka Maler und Praktizierender. Einige sehr bekannte Thanka Maler sind auch auf der mütterlichen Seite, unter ihnen der Onkel von Yongdzin Tenzin Namdak Rinpoche: Yangpel. Sein Vater lehrte ihn lesen und schreiben und die gebräuchlichen Gebete zu rezitieren. 1986, als Yongdzin Rinpoche Tibet zum ersten Mal nach seiner Flucht wieder besuchte, war Tengchen, das Heimat-Kloster von Yongdzin Rinpoche, gerade wieder aufgebaut. Geshe Samten Tsukphud legte die Gelübde ab und wurde ein Mönch in Tengchen. Er erlernte die Rituale, die Ritualinstrumente, das Rezitieren, die klösterlichen Regeln, und er praktizierte Kalung Gyamtso (bka' lung rgya mtsho), die Einführungen (Ngöndro) durch Shardza Rinpoche.
Geshe Lungrigh was born in 1974 in Kham Khyungpo in eastern Tibet. In his early childhood Geshe Lungrigh was invited to the Monastery by his older brother. His older brother became the 27th Master of Khenpo Rinpoche lineage in Yungdrung Tengye Ling Monastery. At the age of thirteen, Geshe Lungrigh entered the monastery and became a monk. He was learning Tibetan reading and writing and was practicing all the main prayers, rituals and ritual melodies with his root Master and his Teacher. Since 1990 Geshe Lungrigh has practiced a preliminary phowa practice for 100 days and Tummo practice for 100 days with a group of monks in the Monastery.Weiterlesen...
Drubthonpa Sangye Mönlam (Ghen Sangye Mönlam) wurde 1955 in Khyungpo, Tibet geboren. Er ging 1983 im Alter von 29 Jahren nach Indien. Nach seiner Ankunft wurde er Mönch im Menri Kloster, Dolanji, dort bekam er seine Ordination vom 33. Menri Tridzin Lungtog Tenpa Nyima Rinpoche und von Yongdzin Tenzin Namdak Rinpoche. Er begann, unter der Leitung von Yongdzin Rinpoche, Ngondro zu studieren und zu praktizieren. Er hat drei Jahre die Meditationsklasse besucht. Er erhielt die Teachings über Atri Ka lung gyatso, von Tsundru Rinpoche, und Kunzang Nying thig (Herztropfen des Dharmakaya) und Dzogchen Khu Sum shar von Yongdzin Rinpoche.
Amchi Nyima Samphel whose lineage brings together both the medical and religious elements of Bön healing. He is a graduate from the traditional Tibetan medical school and belongs to the family lineage that heals the king of Mustang (kingdom located in the north of Nepal) for many generations.
Khenzur Nyima Wangyal Rinpoche was born in 1961 in the Tibetan refugee camp of Pokhara, Nepal. His parents had fled Tibet across the Himalayas in 1959. In 1962, they moved to a Tibetan settlement founded in Dhorpaten, Dhaulagiri province, western Nepal. This is where Nyima Wangyal grew up, with his brother and sister.
He learnt the Tibetan alphabet and reading from his father. He was eight years old when his father passed away. He was then raised and educated in the traditional Tibetan way by his uncle Khenpo Khyungtsün Dongrig Sonam Gyaltsen Rinpoche, who has been sent to Nepal from Menri Monastery (refounded after exile in India), to become the second abbot of the Bon Monastery of Dhorpaten, which was the first Bon monastery in exile.
Khenpo Sonam Gyaltsen Rinpoche taught him reading/writing, prayers and rituals. He was a very serious teacher, a very good practitioner, and so skilled at calligraphy that he was often commissioned to copy texts, notably the Atri Preliminary text, the twelve volumes of Ziji (the biography of Tonpa Shenrab Miwo), the Gyalwei Chagtri, two volumes of Gyalshen Namthar (collection of commentaries by Yongdzin Lopon Tenzin Namdak Rinpoche) and numerous ritual texts, all published in New Delhi, India.
Many Bonpo masters spent time in the Monastery of Dhorpaten. From Menri Monastery (Tibet) the 32nd Abbot Sherab Lodrö Rinpoche, Yongdzin Sangye Tenzin Rinpoche, Yongdzin Lopon Tenzin Namdak Rinpoche, and many high lamas from Dolpo, Nepal.
In 1976, following the request of his uncle, Nyima Wangyal received from Yongdzin Rinpoche the Dzogchen Atri teaching instructions and transmission (lung) for the first time. During the summer, he also received the initiation (wang) of DU TRI SU from Yongdzin Rinpoche, during a seven-day ceremony prepared by Khenpo Sonam Gyaltsen Rinpoche for the people of Dhorpaten.
In 1977, Nyima Wangyal was taken by his uncle to Menri Monastery, in Dolanji (near Solan), North India. There he became a monk and was handed over to Yongdzin Rinpoche to receive his teachings and to serve him as his personal assistant.
Nyima Wangyal lived with Yongdzin Rinpoche until 1995. Yongdzin Rinpoche is his root master and main spiritual teacher. With him he had the great opportunity of meeting great Bonpo masters from Tibet.
In 1978, Nyima Wangyal joined the newly opened dialectic school at Menri. That same year, his mother passed away in Dhorpaten, Nepal.
In 1979, at Menri Monastery, Nyima Wangyal received the initiation of the complete Shardza Tashi Gyaltsen Dzogchen cycle and other Dzogchen initiations from Drupwang Tsondü Rinpoche, who was the Drupdra Khenpo of Khyungpo Ri Tse Druk Monastery in Tibet, a lineage holder of the Shardza tradition, being the disciple of the first Shardzi Gyaltsab Jalüpa Lodrö Gyatso.
In 1984, Nyima Wangyal received all the initiations (outer, inner, secret) and transmissions of all the yidams of the Bon tradition from His Holiness the 33rd Abbot of Menri Lungtok Tenpai Nyima Rinpoche and His Eminence Yongdzin Lopon Tenzin Namdak Rinpoche.
In 1986, Nyima Wangyal concluded his Bon studies at Menri Monastery under the guidance of H.H. the 33rd Abbot, H.E. Yongdzin Rinpoche and Geshe Larampa Tsondü Gongphel, and was awarded the Geshe degree (equivalent to a PhD) after several years of systematic study of the Bon philosophy and psychology.
In the following summer, Yongdzin Rinpoche travelled to Tibet (for the first time since the Cultural Revolution) with Geshe Nyima Wangyal and Geshe Tenzin Wangyal. His main purpose was to visit his mother and to give advice to Bonpo lamas and monks on how to preserve and develop the Yungdrung Bon tradition. They visited all the Bonpo people in the three provinces of Tibet : U-Tsang, Kham and Amdo. Rinpoche gave teachings and initiations.
There, Nyima Wangyal met and connected to great lamas, yogis and practitioners who survived the Cultural Revolution.
In Luphuk Gön Monastery (in Hor, Kham), Geshe Nyima Wangyal received many rare initiations from the great Dzogchen practitioner Ragshi Togden Drimed Yungdrung Rinpoche.
In the fall of 1986, Yongdzin Rinpoche founded the Triten Norbutse Monastery on the northern hill of Kathmandu, Nepal. At the very beginning only Rinpoche and Geshe Nyima Wangyal lived there. At that time, there was no dialectic school and no extensive daily course of Bon study and philosophical debate in Nepal. It was the first Bon monastery in Kathmandu.
In 1992, Yongdzin Rinpoche and Menri Trizin Rinpoche selected Geshe Nyima Wangyal as the first abbot of Triten Norbutse Monastery. He took care of all the daily needs of the monks. The same year, Yongdzin Rinpoche travelled again to Tibet, with Khenpo Nyima Wangyal. They visited many Bon monasteries and Yongdzin Rinpoche gave many teachings, transmissions and initiations.
In 1995, Khenpo Nyima Wangyal decided to leave the monastery and its monastic rules, in order to live as a Tibetan yogi in different countries, situations and circumstances. He felt, according to his nature, that this would be a good way to develop his practice of Dzogchen.
In 2001, at Triten Norbutse Monastery, he had the great opportunity to receive again all the Bon initiations from his root master Yongdzin Rinpoche. This was very good for Khenzur Nyima Wangyal as he experienced in his practice a much stronger connection to his root master. He was very happy because he felt the blessings of all the great Dzogchen masters.
From 2002, at Triten Norbutse Monastery, he had another opportunity to receive teachings from Yongdzin Rinpoche on the Dzogchen Zhang-Zhung Nyen-Gyüd, the Dzogchen Namkha Trul-Dzöd, the Ma-Gyüd (Mother Tantra), etc.
In 2002, following the advice of Yongdzin Rinpoche, Khenzur Nyima Wangyal started preparing different kinds of special Bon protection amulets. In Kathmandu, he created Künthub Sungkhor Khang, a workshop (still running and successful) where he started manufacturing high quality traditional amulets, with his wife and family. The spiritual mantra amulets are sent to Tibet, China, Nepal, India, Europe, America, Mexico, Canada, etc. Through this activity, Khenzur Nyima Wangyal shares his spiritual experience, helping others in their life and practice.
In 2013, Khenzur and his family settled near Paris, France.
Since November 2015, as organized by Shenten Dargye Ling (Blou, France), Khenzur Nyima Wangyal Rinpoche has been teaching meditation on a regular basis in Paris, to a Sangha group of practitioners during evenings and weekends, and also in different countries abroad.
Thank you to Waltraud Benzing and Yungdrung Tenzin (Dominique Troulay) for this biography.